How to Cultivate Soybeans in Former Rice Planting Land

Soybean is one of the ingredients commonly used by people in Indonesia. Many authentic Indonesian dishes use this ingredient. And, soybean is also one of the plants that you can choose to cultivate. There are several ways to grow and cultivate soybeans that you need to know.

 


Planting Media and Soil Condition


Soybeans can grow on a variety of soil types. However, the land used to grow soybeans must have good drainage and aeration. In addition, the right cultivation method is to use soil with a pH level of 5.8 to 7. The soybean planting area must also be suitable, namely an area at an altitude of 600 mpl, with rainfall of 100 to 400 ml per month. and a temperature of 23 to 30 degrees Celsius and a humidity level of 60% to 70%.


Preparing the Soil

The first thing that needs to be done in soybean cultivation techniques is to prepare the soil to be planted. The soil is plowed and leveled to facilitate planting and drainage systems. If there are weeds in the land to be planted, clean them until they are completely clean. To protect the soil from excess water that can damage soybeans, you will need to make drains 3 to 4 meters apart. After that, the soil is allowed to dry out for three weeks and after three weeks, the soil is ready to plant soybeans.

Tips for Choosing Land

There are several tips that you can use to choose the land to be planted with soybean seeds. One of the most popular ways is to use newly planted rice fields to cultivate soybeans. The trick, after the rice harvest, the remaining straw is cut down and left for 3 weeks. After that, the land is sprayed with herbicides and the former rice fields are ready to be planted with soybeans.

Seed Selection


In addition to soil preparation, soybean seed selection is also important. Good seeds for you to cultivate are seeds with well-known quality varieties, such as Grobogan seeds. Before planting the seeds must be soaked with NASA POC at a rate of 2 cc/liter of water, if the land to be planted has never been planted with soybeans.

planting

For a good planting technique, put 2 to 3 seeds in each hole in your field and cover the seeds with loose soil that doesn't need to be compacted. For optimal results, make single holes 30 x 20 cm apart. The best planting time is at the end of the rainy season, when rainfall or water will decrease which is very suitable for soybean plants that are not suitable for very wet soil. You can also put fertilizer into the tugal hole, so that the seeds of prospective soybean plants can grow well.

Embroidery and Weeding

Soybean seeds will start to grow after 5-6 days. If after that period of time there are some seeds that do not grow well, you can carry out the embroidery process by replacing them with new seeds. Embroidery should be done in the afternoon so that there is no withering process. Weeding can be done after soybean plants are 2 to 3 weeks old for the first weeding, 6 weeks after the first planting process or when soybeans start flowering for the second weeding and third weeding can be done after the second fertilization process.

Fertilization

The fertilization process is given after the soybean plants are 2 weeks old and fertilization is given every 2 weeks. The fertilizer that can be used is NASA POC fertilizer which is given by spraying on soybean plants. However, if your soybean plants have started to flower, you need to stop the spraying process so as not to interfere with the pollination process. In addition to using NASA POC fertilizer, you can also provide additional fertilizer in the form of manure and compost so that your soybean plants get all the nutrients they need to grow optimally.

Pests and Diseases

The most common pest that attacks soybeans is the peanut fly. To prevent and protect soybean plants from this pest attack, your soybean plants need to be sprayed with an insecticide that uses the active ingredient Fipronil. This spraying process is carried out when soybean plants are 7 days old, when the seeds have grown and released the first 2 leaves. In addition, if during the maintenance period the pests and diseases are attacked, they can be destroyed according to the type of pests and diseases that attack.

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