How to Cultivate Salak to Fruit Fast

Salak is a plant that is easy to cultivate. Actually, salak plants are very easy to cultivate. (Salacca zalacca) is a kind of palm plant whose fruit is edible. This fruit is also called snake fruit because the skin is like snake scales.

 



The salak fruit tree is a shrub or almost no trunk with many thorns. The bark of the salak tree has long spines and many with pinnate compound leaves.


The fruit of the salak plant is triangular, slightly round or oval, with a tapered base and a rounded tip covered with yellow to reddish brown scaly skin.


Salak Cultivation


Sarcotesta or medium fruit walls have a thick flesh texture from white to creamy yellow and some have reddish flesh, some taste sweet, sour and even astringent with hard seeds, the middle is brownish black.


Grows optimally in tropical climates with an altitude of 400-700 meters above sea level.


It thrives in loose soil, sandy loam, loamy loam and is rich in organic matter.


Requires an average monthly rainfall of 100-200 mm/month and 50-70% sunlight (as a cover crop).


Requires an optimal growth temperature of 20-30 ° Celsius and has high humidity, but does not tolerate standing water.


Grows well in soil acidity (pH) between 5.5-6.5.


Seed Selection


The next step you need to know is that the selection of salak seeds is very influential on crop yields. So choose salak seeds with quality fruit and avoid disease, of course they have produced large and tested salak fruit.


Land Preparation


When planting salak, it turns out that soil preparation is very important because the salak soil must be protected from puddles of water. Therefore, try to plant and prepare the soil away from springs, as this will make the salak fruit ugly or unprofitable. The soil you have to prepare is to clean the grass that interferes with the growth of the bark.


Soil Cultivation


Land management must also be considered so that planting is easy and good. One way to cultivate good and good soil is to remove all the dirt on the prepared land and clean the rocks around it. Cultivating the land can use a hoe or other similar tools.


Planting seed


The best time to plant salak is at the beginning of the rainy season, which is between November and December. In this month, the water needed for farming is easily obtained in sufficient quantities.


The afternoon is also the right time to plant salak. When planting in the dry season, the growth of young salak plants is not good because of lack of water so that the growth of this plant is disrupted.


Care and Maintenance


What needs to be done for the cultivation of salak is watering, because small salak plants need to be watered and watered so that they grow fast because they need to be watered in the dry season and in the morning and evening. But if it's rainy season you don't need to water it.


Fertilization


Fertilization is no less important because it must be done according to the rules given in the package, regardless of whether you use chemical fertilizers, liquid fertilizers or manure because in cultivation and fertilization are different, but what you need to know is to use quality fertilizers. . . . for fruit.


Stitch


Embroidery is done when the plants are still small, embroidery is done when many salak plants die. So it is necessary to do embroidery so that it can be fertile later.


Weeding


Weeding the salak plant is very important so that the zalacca fruit is not eaten by pests that eat it. Therefore, you have to do weeding and clean plants that are not useful and harmful to salak plants.


trimming


The pruning stage should also be carried out when the bark is abundant and old. Then you should cut so that the peel is not disturbed by the old bark and has a positive effect on the fruit when cutting the peel.

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